As of the 2011 census, Allahabad is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh while Mahoba being the least populated. [75], Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four seasons. The All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) was formed at the Lucknow session of the Congress on 11 April 1936, with the famous nationalist Swami Sahajanand Saraswati elected as its first President,[54] in order to address the longstanding grievances of the peasantry and mobilise them against the zamindari landlords attacks on their occupancy rights, thus sparking the Farmers movements in India. [2] There is an average population density of 828 persons per km² i.e. Kajari sung during the rainy season. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan. These districts have the highest density of population which gives the lowest per capita land. On festive occasions, usually 'tava' (flat pan for roti) is considered inauspicious, and instead fried foods are consumed. [197], The Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation (UPFC) was established in the year 1954 under the SFCs Act of 1951 mainly to develop small- and medium-scale industries in the state. Lucknow Swarna Shatabdi Express near New Delhi. [24] The aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, (in what was Kuru Mahajanapada), during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira. [96][97] Notable indigenous trees are the astringent Azadirachta indica, or neem, which is widely used in rural Indian herbal medicine and the luxuriant Ficus religiosa, or peepul, consider the tree to be sacred by Hindu and Jain ascetics as this is the tree under which Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained enlightenment. [44] Ajmer and Jaipur kingdoms were also included in this northern territory, which was named the "North-Western Provinces" (of Agra). For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India. [125][126], The sex ratio in 2011, at 912 women to 1000 men, was lower than the national figure of 943. Awadhi cuisine is from the city of Lucknow. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. [251], Uttar Pradesh has more than 45 universities,[252] including 5 central universities, 28 state universities, 8 deemed universities, 2 IITs in Varanasi and Kanpur, AIIMS Gorakhpur and AIIMS Rae Bareli, 1 IIM in Lucknow, 1 NIT in Allahabad, 2 IIITs, 1 National Law University in Lucknow and several polytechnics, engineering colleges and industrial training institutes. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the state's Himalayan hill region. [60] In Ayodhya in December 1992 the disputed Babri Mosque was demolished by radical Hindu activists, leading to widespread violence across India. [78] The Gangetic plain varies from semiarid to sub-humid. [227], The state has a large, multimodal transportation system with the largest road network in the country. Most people in Uttar Pradesh speak Hindustani, which in a literate form is referred to as Hindi and Urdu. The Mughalsarai is home to a number of major locomotive plants. Uttar Pradesh, the most populous and fourth largest state of India, which lies in the north-central part of the country. Uttar Pradesh Cricket Association (UPCA) has headquarters in Kanpur. [109], Uttar Pradesh is divided into 75 districts under these 18 divisions:[110], The following is a list of top districts from state of Uttar Pradesh by population, ranked in respect of all India. Uttar Pradesh - Uttar Pradesh - History: The history of Uttar Pradesh can be divided into five periods: (1) prehistory and mythology (up to c. 600 bce), (2) the Buddhist-Hindu period (c. 600 bce to c. 1200 ce), (3) the Muslim period (c. 1200 to c. 1775), (4) the British period (c. 1775 to 1947), and (5) the postindependence period (1947 to the present). ... With a population of 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh is larger than Brazil. [69] The first in the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and have been classified as scarcity areas. [166], According to the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC), Uttar Pradesh tops the list of states of encounter killings and custodial deaths. Uttar Pradesh Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh has population of 19.98 Crores, an increase from figure of 16.62 Crore in 2001 census. [143][144][145][146], Uttar Pradesh government is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head and is appointed by the President of India for a five-year term. It has been cut from the adjacent district Gonda in 1997. Act Number 6, of 1976)", "Decennil growth of population by census", "Decennial growth rate and density for 2011 at a glance for Uttar Pradesh and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011", "The state with large no. Mughlai cuisine is a style of cooking developed in the Indian subcontinent by the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire. The monument earned almost ₹78 crore (US$11 million) in ticket sales in 2018-19. Islam is followed with majority in 1 out of 71 districts. [194] As per the report generated by Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA), total sugarcane production in India was estimated to be 28.3 million tonnes in the fiscal ending September 2015 which includes 10.47 million tonnes from Maharashtra and 7.35 million tonnes from Uttar Pradesh[196], State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. Uttar Pradesh cabinet minister Siddharth Nath Singh said prison terms of up to five years were necessary to stop unlawful conversions and provide justice to women who have suffered from them. [183][184], In the afternoon of 23 November 2007, within a span of 25 minutes, six consecutive serial blasts occurred in the Lucknow, Varanasi, and Faizabad courts, in which 28 people were killed and several others injured. [citation needed] They suffer from waterlogging and large-scale user tracts. [26] Following the Huns' invasions that broke the Gupta empire, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab saw the rise of Kannauj. [255] The presence of such institutions provides the students of the state with ample opportunities for higher education.[256][257]. Uttar Pradesh – World Bank Survey: India's top 10 states on the ease of doing business ranking – The Economic Times", "Finance commission asks Uttar Pradesh to bring down its debt burden", "What the 2011 census data on migration tells us", "Migrants seem to prefer neighbouring States for livelihood", "Only 5 states exceed 11th Plan growth targets: Govt: Ruled by CNBC TV18 News", "RBI releases Study on State Finances 2009-10", "Ministry of statistics and Program Implementation", "Small scale industries and other small trades", "UP, TN have most cell-phone users in India: TRAI", "UP has most cell phone users in India: TRAI", "Uttar Pradesh top in mobile penetration", "Uttar Pradesh size - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)", "total railway route length uttar pradesh", "North Central Railway-The Allahabad Division", "Equipment arrives for integrated security system", "Welcome :: U.P. [232] Uttar Pradesh has the highest road density in India, (1,027 km per 1000 km2) and the largest surfaced urban-road network in the country (50,721 km). A number of newspapers and periodicals are published in Hindi, English, and Urdu. ", "The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001", "The History and Role of Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "The strength of Armed Police in Uttar Pradesh", "In Custody: Six died daily in four months", "More bad news for Yogi Adityanath as data show UP tops crime chart", "NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%", "Uttar Pradesh tops the list of communal violence hit states in 2017: Govt", "Communal Violence Goes Up In Country, Uttar Pradesh Still Tops List", "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ACROSS INDIAN STATES: IS THE GLASS STILL HALF EMPTY? [101][102][103][104][105][106][107], Other animals in the state include reptiles such as lizards, cobras, kraits, and gharials. Species in the state with respect to India, Uttar Pradesh is a habitat for 4.19% of all Algae, 6.40% of Fungi, 5.95 of Lichens, 2.93% of Bryophytes, 3.31% of Pteridophytes, 8.69% of Gymnosperms, 8.11% of Angiosperms. The Muslim population in Uttar Pradesh was estimated to be 43,988,561 in 2018 and forms the second largest religion in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh was home to most of mainstream political entity that has existed in ancient and medieval India including Maurya Empire, Harsha Empire, Mughal Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Gupta Empire as well as many other empires. [215] In May 2013 Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of mobile subscribers in the country, a total of 121.60 million mobile phone connections out of 861.66 million in India, according to the telecom regulator, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). Awadhi cuisine is world-famous for dishes such as kebab, biryani, keema and nihari. Out of which 275374 are males while 238964 are females. 2,146 per sq mi. [51] The high court continued to be at Allahabad, but a bench was established at Lucknow. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. Sugarcane is the most important cash crop as the state is country's largest producer of sugar. This expressway is country's largest Greenfield Expressway which reduced the travel time between Lucknow and Agra from 6 hours to 3.30 hours. [291] Lassi (yogurt-based) and chaach (traditional buttermilk) are most favoured drink in Uttar Pradesh. From 1991 to 2001 the population of the state grew by 26% and that is a pretty good number. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. The tomb is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to Sage Vyasa, and also known as Vyasa Purnima as it is the day which is believed to be his birthday and also the day he divided the Vedas. The following table enumerates population, sex-ratio and literacy rates for each district of Uttar Pradesh: Following rankings are as per Population Census 2011. Christian Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.56 Lakhs (0.18 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. Many communities have their own particular style of cuisines, such as the Jains, Kayasths and Muslims. Uttar Pradesh contributed to the largest share of almost all communicable and noncommunicable disease deaths, including 48 per cent of all typhoid deaths (2014); 17 per cent of cancer deaths and 18 per cent of tuberculosis deaths (2015). [244], The Buddh International Circuit hosted India's inaugural F1 Grand Prix race on 30 October 2011. The people of Uttar Pradesh dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Varanasi in 2011 is 1,198,491; of which male … Many great sages of the Vedic times like Bhardwaja, Gautam, Yagyavalkaya, Vashishtha, Vishwamitra and Valmiki flourished in this state. According to the report generated by India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), in 2014–15, Uttar Pradesh has accounted for 19% share in the country's total food grain output. [249] Schools in the state are either managed by the government or by private trusts. In actual practice, Hindu society in generally used to be divided into numerous lineage groups called jatis. If independent it would be the 6th largest country in the world as per Population. District wise population of Uttar Pradesh. [222] Allahabad is the headquarters of the North Central Railway[223] and Gorakhpur is the headquarters of the North Eastern Railway. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Muslim Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.85 Crore (19.26 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. Awadh has been greatly influenced by Mughal cooking techniques, and the cuisine of Lucknow bears similarities to those of Central Asia, Kashmir, Punjab and Hyderabad; and the city is known for Nawabi foods. [148][149] Each department also has officers of the rank of Secretary, Special Secretary, Joint Secretary etc. The Legislative Council is a permanent body of 100 members with one-third (33 members) retiring every two years. In western Purvanchal, Eastern Hindi (Awadhi) is spoken, while in districts adjoining Bihar, Bhojpuri, also known as Bihari language is spoken. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census. [220] A package of ₹260 billion (US$3.6 billion) was declared for the cities to develop service level improvement plan (SLIP), a plan for better functioning of the local urban bodies in the cities. [132], As per 2011 census, Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, is home to the highest numbers of both Hindus and Muslims. [73] The Siwalik Range which forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called 'bhadhar'. The terai runs parallel to the bhabhar in a thin strip. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Firozabad in 2011 is 604,214; of which male and female are 319,415 and 284,799 respectively. [11] The state's 2001–2011 decennial growth rate (including Uttrakhand) was 20.09%, higher than the national rate of 17.64%. Population by Religion in Uttar Pradesh Hinduism is the dominant religion in Uttar Pradesh, … The Secretariat headed by the Chief Secretary assists the council of ministers. [185] The blasts came a week after the Uttar Pradesh police and central security agencies busted Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists who had planned to abduct Rahul Gandhi. Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is a major Hindu and Buddhist festival, while Christmas is celebrated by the minority Christian population. [228] The state is well connected to its nine neighbouring states and almost all other parts of India through the national highways (NH). The state has an abundance of natural resources. [61] In 2000, northern districts of the state were separated to form the state of Uttarakhand. The cuisine is strongly influenced by the cuisine of Central Asia, and has in turn strongly similarities to the regional cuisines of Kashmir and the Punjab region. [189][190], Agriculture is the leading occupation in Uttar Pradesh and play vital role in the economic development of the state. The state has more than 32 large and small rivers; of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are larger and of religious importance in Hinduism. In southern Purvanchal, Baghelkhandi (a form of Eastern Hindi) is the predominant dialect. [35] The Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks (with significant Mongol admixture). Since much sunlight reaches the ground, shrubs and grasses are also abundant. At a distance of 80 km from Varanasi, Ghazipur is famous not only for its Ghats on the Ganges but also for the tomb of Lord Cornwallis, the 18th-century Governor of East India Company ruled Bengal Presidency. [113] These blocks consists of urban units viz. The government of Uttar Pradesh considered Formula One to be entertainment and not a sport, and thus imposed taxes on the event and participants. The district court of Etawah and the district court of Kanpur Dehat) of the judiciary at Uttar Pradesh is controlled by the District Judge. Some Interesting Facts About Uttar Pradesh. [6], In Uttar Pradesh the religion-wise percentage of population is Hindus 79.7, Muslims 19.3, Sikhs 0.3, Christians 0.2, Jains 0.1, Buddhists 0.1 while 0.3 of people have other religion or didn't state one. Uttar Pradesh is een van de zes Indiase staten waar het parlement een tweekamerstelsel hanteert, bestaande uit de Vidhan Sabha, die de taak van het lagerhuis vervult, en de Vidhan Parishad, die van het hogerhuis.De Vidhan Sabha telt 403 zetels, de Vidhan Parishad 100. Confidence limits for the age are 85 (±11) and 72 (±8) thousand years ago. [13] The state ranks 35th among Indian states in human development index. Some Uttar Pradesh schools, for example Delhi Public School (Noida), La Martinière Girls' College (Lucknow), and Step by Step School (Noida) have been ranked amongst the best schools in the country. The state contributes 16.16% of India's population. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. [277], Several texts and hymns of the Vedic literature were composed in Uttar Pradesh. An IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police heads the zones, whereas an IPS officer of the rank of Deputy inspector general of police heads the ranges. Khayal is a form of semi-classical singing which comes from the courts of Awadh. Deoband Tehsil of Saharanpur district has total population of 514338 as per the Census 2011. [164][148] While the Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services comprise the Civil Judges (Junior Division)/Judicial Magistrates and civil judges (Senior Division)/Chief Judicial Magistrate, the Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service comprises civil and sessions judges. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). [20][21][22], Out of the sixteen mahajanapadas (lit. [130] Estimates released by the Reserve Bank of India for the year 2011–12 revealed that Uttar Pradesh had 59 million people below the poverty line, the most for any state in India. [147] The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Over 16% of the nation’s total population resides in Uttar Pradesh.. State Size Population Density. There are also certain sub-regional delicacies. [120][121], In 2011, state's cabinet ministers headed by the then Chief Minister Mayawati announced the separation of Uttar Pradesh into four different states of Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Avadh Pradesh and Paschim Pradesh with twenty-eight, seven, twenty-three and seventeen districts, respectively, later the proposal was turned down when Akhilesh Yadav lead Samajwadi Party came to power in the 2012 election. [226] The railway stations of Allahabad Junction, Lucknow NR, Kanpur Central, Varanasi Junction, Agra Cantt, Gorakhpur Junction, Mathura Junction included in the Indian Railways list of 50 world-class railway stations. In summers, hot winds called loo blow all across Uttar Pradesh.[76]. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies. [193] With 359 manufacturing clusters, cement is the top sector of SMEs in UP. INDUSTRIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT ACT – 1976 (U.P. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth-largest state economy in India with ₹17.94 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita NSDP of ₹70,000 (US$980). [6][7], Population count for each district (with percentages[i]) as per 2011 Census.[4]. In the other two sub-regions of UP, viz., Awadh and Purvanchal too, there exist a wide variation in the dialects spoken. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. According to a survey conducted by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), Uttar Pradesh's unemployment rate increased 11.4 percentage points, rising to 21.5 per cent in April 2020. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Uttar Pradesh from 1901 to 2011. [46], Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India, which became known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857; Bengal regiment's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment, Mangal Pandey, is widely considered as its starting point. [12] It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950, giving it the acronym UP. [71], Cultivation is intensive. Sharp Increase In The Urban Muslim Population Of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. [293] The state’s name is Hindi for ‘northern state’ and its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. ", "Half of India's dalit population lives in 4 states", "UP has the highest OBC population in all Indian states", "Why smaller castes could hold the key to power in 2017 UP Assembly polls", "Why the most backward castes are crucial for BJP's sandwich alliance to succeed in Uttar Pradesh", "Uttar Pradesh polls: BSP, SP and BJP leaving no stone to come up trumps", "BJP striving to please Rajputs and Brahmins", "Centre releases census data on religion, hides caste figures", "Before releasing caste numbers, the government needs to account for discrepancies in data", "Why Is Modi Govt. In 2009–10, the tertiary sector of the economy (service industries) was the largest contributor to the gross domestic product of the state, contributing 44.8% of the state domestic product compared to 44% from the primary sector (agriculture, forestry, and tourism) and 11.2% from the secondary sector (industrial and manufacturing). [74] The transitional belt running along the entire length of the state is called the terai and bhabhar area. [294] Traditional styles of dress include colourful draped garments – such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men – and tailored clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men. [265] Vindhyachal is a Hindu pilgrimage site having the temple of Vindhyavasini. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Saharanpur District as per Census 2011. [266] Also at Sarnath are the Pillars of Ashoka and the Lion Capital of Ashoka, both important archaeological artefacts with national significance. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state. With roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is the most-populous state in India as well as the most-populous country subdivision in the world. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. [49][50], In 1920, the capital of the province was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow. It's said that in India, the dialects change every 50-mile, and its particularly true of Uttar Pradesh. The population of Uttar Pradesh is divided into numerous castes and sub-castes. [13][14][15][16] Yadavs form the single largest group amongst the OBCs, with around 20% population. In the rest of lower Doab, various mixes of western and Eastern Hindi (Brij Bhasha/ Bundelkhandi and Awadhi) are spoken). Uttar Pradesh has the largest scheduled caste population whereas scheduled tribesare less than 1 per cent of the total populati… [243] It can also boast of routinely having three or four players on the national side. [270] As on 2017, number of government hospital in rural and urban areas of Uttar Pradesh are 4442 (39104 beds) and 193 (37156 beds) respectively. The later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha [ 281 ] large. About 199,581,477 as per census 2011 with roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is more populated the... ' invasions that broke the Gupta periods women 59 % reason for migration among.. Sapta Puri ) in the state 199,581,477 as per population the required coursework, students may in... Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called 'bhadhar ' and 2016 units.... The reign of Harshavardhana ( 590–647 ), the state is located in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen both... Or its acronym UP [ 289 ] Ganga Mahotsav festival of Kartik Poornima celebrated days... 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