Download PDF by Seymour Kaufman (auth.), B. W. Agranoff, M. H. Aprison: Advances in Neurochemistry

By Seymour Kaufman (auth.), B. W. Agranoff, M. H. Aprison (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461582377

ISBN-13: 9781461582373

ISBN-10: 1461582393

ISBN-13: 9781461582397

In the Preface to quantity 1, we said: This sequence acknowledges that investigators who've entered neurochemistry from the biochemical culture have a slightly really good view of the mind. Too usually, interdisci­ plinary choices are at the beginning beautiful yet prove to recite easy biochemical considera­ tions. we have now come to think that there at the moment are sufficiently huge numbers of neurochemists to aid a really expert enterprise similar to the current one. we've got began with attention of conventional parts of neurochemistry which convey substantial clinical job. we are hoping they'll serve the neurochemist either for basic studying and for specialised info. The reader also will have the option to mirror at the unbridled hypothesis that effects from the disinhibiting results at the writer who has been invited to put in writing a bankruptcy. We plan sometimes additionally to supply reports of parts now not thoroughly within the area of neurochemistry which we however think to be sufficiently well timed to be known as to the eye of all who use chemical rules and instruments in order to greater comprehend the mind. The contributions to the current quantity pursue those targets. We think the sequence has set excessive criteria and has persisted to uphold them. in keeping with the primary acknowledged within the final paragraph of the Preface quantity 1, we contain during this quantity Koshland's "Sensory reaction in micro organism" (Chapter 5).

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At a lower rate of phenylalanine ingestion, it should be possible to use a larger fraction of the ingested phenylalanine for protein synthesis. Thus, the minimum daily requirement of phenylalanine (for growth) might be less if the rate of ingestion of phenylalanine were decreased. In theory (but obviously not in practice), the minimum requirement for growth would likely be achieved by a constant infusion of phenylalanine. 40 CHAPTER 1 characteristic of phenylalanine metabolism that should be noted.

B) The altered hydroxylase is synthesized at a normal rate but is degraded more rapidly than is the normal enzyme, perhaps as a consequence of its altered structure. According to this model, PKU liver contains less than the normal amount of the structurally altered hydroxylase. However, other models could also be devised that could account for our results. Since there is no reason to suspect that this PKU patient is anything but typical, it seems likely that the above conclusion will apply to most, if not all, patients with classical PKU.

There is a chance, therefore, that in this sense the metaphor is apt, and that the present state of confusion is a prelude to deeper understanding of the underlying causes of disturbed phenylalanine metabolism. That the field has been in a state of semantic turmoil ever since PKU variants were discovered is evidenced by the plethora of terms that have been used to describe these different conditions (Hsia, 1970). , phenylpyruvate. The confusion caused by this dual meaning of "PKU" can be seen in the extreme case with the term "mild phenylketonuria," which really means phenylketonuria without phenylketonuria, the first use of the term referring to the disease and the second to the symptom.

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Advances in Neurochemistry by Seymour Kaufman (auth.), B. W. Agranoff, M. H. Aprison (eds.)

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