Download e-book for kindle: Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional by United Nations

By United Nations

ISBN-10: 142949770X

ISBN-13: 9781429497701

ISBN-10: 9211205115

ISBN-13: 9789211205114

The goals of the examine are to map and examine current exchange agreements within the area and their product assurance, rather agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff limitations and to derive implications and suggestions and directions for exchange coverage negotiations. It includes either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the zone of agricultural alternate, which happened in parallel to negotiations on agricultural exchange liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It offers an updated, trustworthy account of preferential alternate in Asia with appreciate to agriculture. The examine additionally incorporates a evaluation of agricultural reform in China.

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Additional info for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade

Sample text

Newer agreements in particular are trying hard to broaden coverage of commitments from liberalization of merchandise trade to behind-the-border provisions in trade and other areas of cooperation. In many instances, as mentioned above, members have broad concessional aspirations; in order to reflect them, the members increasingly name agreements as “economic partnerships” or “closer economic relations” rather than FTAs. Notwithstanding the intent to liberalize beyond trade in goods, in many cases long transition/implementation periods are required for any real liberalization to take effect and be reflected in changed trade flows.

B. value Bilateral 21 Table 5 (continued) Change in tariff class PTA Specific man. process Local value addition Comulation Singapore-USA Yes (or VA) 2, 4, 6 digit level Yes 30-60% product specific Bilateral SingaporeNew Zealand ... 40% Factory cost Bilateral Singapore-Australia ... B. B. value Full Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership TRANSPACSEP Yes Yes 45-55% Diagonal (bilateral) Bilateral BTAs Source: Compiled from table 2 in Bonapace and Mikic (2006), and APTIAD. Consolidation of multiple membership agreements around more liberal rules of origin will serve as a tool for diminishing noodle bowl-related costs of trading under preferential regimes.

A positive list approach is considered, in principle, less liberalizing and it consists of members agreeing to the products on the (positive) list whose tariffs will be reduced or eliminated. A negative list approach assumes a reduction/ elimination of tariffs on all products except those that are included in the negative list. This approach is closer to the spirit of GATT, even though it may often include a long list of excluded products. 19 Another important factor is the determination of a base tariff rate as a benchmark for reduction.

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Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade by United Nations

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