By James D. Le Sueur
Algeria's democratic scan is seminal in post-Cold warfare history. the 1st Muslim state to try the transition from an authoritarian approach to democratic pluralism, this North African nation turned a try out case for reform in Africa, the Arab global and beyond. but while the rustic appeared sure to turn into the world's first elected Islamic republic, there has been an army coup and the democratic technique was once introduced sharply to a halt. Islamists declared jihad at the country and millions of civilians have been killed within the resulting decade of kingdom repression. Le Sueur indicates that Algeria is on the very middle of latest debates approximately Islam and secular democracy, arguing that the soundness of Algeria is important for the safety of the broader center East. Algeria considering 1989 is a full of life and crucial exam of the way the destiny of 1 state is entwined with a lot higher international issues.
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Extra info for Algeria Since 1989: Between Terror and Democracy (Global History of the Present)
Before embarking upon this analysis of contemporary Algerian history, I think it helpful to ask a series of questions that will be addressed throughout the book. These questions will frame efforts to understand what went tragically wrong in Algeria during the 1990s. For example, was Algeria’s struggle for democracy part of a broader wind of change in the late 1980s and early 1990s? Was the creation of an Islamic democracy possible in 1992? If the answer is yes, it is imperative to ask if the quick negation by the military government of the results of a democratic election in which a political Islamist party would have prevailed constituted a profound step backward, not only for Algeria but also for efforts to craft a pragmatic and peaceful political Islam worldwide.
On October 22, President Kennedy went on live television to inform citizens that the US was on the brink of a nuclear war with the Soviets in Cuba (who had over 40,000 Soviet soldiers and 20 nuclear warheads already on the island). Unsurprisingly, that same week the US State Department informed the Agency for International Development that it was suspending all economic assistance to Algeria. Hence, Ben Bella’s first efforts at real international diplomacy had ended in abject failure and ended up unnecessarily turning the US against Algeria, thereby isolating it from the financial aid necessary for reconstruction and pushing it more strongly into the socialist bloc, despite its declarations of non-alignment.
The National Charter was followed by the November referendum on a new constitution, also adopted overwhelmingly by Algerians. The 1976 constitution secured Islam’s place as the official religion, the republican model as the mode of government, and basic rights of freedom of expression; it also guaranteed women’s status as citizens, with equal rights and res ponsibilities under the republic. The 1976 constitution would soon find itself challenged in several areas. While Algeria’s rising status in the third world, leadership role in the Non-Aligned Movement, new constitution, and position 26 | One in OPEC, all placed the country favorably at the center of world politics, these factors did little to avert the impending crisis at home.
Algeria Since 1989: Between Terror and Democracy (Global History of the Present) by James D. Le Sueur