Download PDF by Mikko Nikinmaa: An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology

By Mikko Nikinmaa

ISBN-10: 0124115748

ISBN-13: 9780124115743

ISBN-10: 0124115810

ISBN-13: 9780124115811

An creation to Aquatic Toxicology is an introductory reference for all facets of toxicology referring to aquatic environments. As water resources lower, the necessity to comprehend the results that contaminants can have on aquatic organisms and ecosystems raises in value. This ebook will give you an outstanding knowing of aquatic toxicology, its earlier, its state of the art current and its most probably future.

An advent to Aquatic Toxicologywill introduce you to the worldwide factor of aquatic illness, detailing the key assets of infection, from the place they originate, and their results on aquatic organisms and their atmosphere. state of the art toxicological issues lined comprise nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, bioinformatics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, in addition to water administration and the toxicological results of significant environmental matters similar to algal blooms, weather swap and ocean acidification.

This ebook is meant for someone who desires to be aware of extra in regards to the effect of toxicants on aquatic organisms and ecosystems, or to maintain to this point with fresh and destiny advancements within the field.

  • Provides with the most recent views at the affects of toxicants on aquatic environments, reminiscent of nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, ocean acidification and eutrophication
  • Offers an entire evaluate, starting with the origins of aquatic toxicology and concluding with power destiny challenges
  • Includes suggestions on trying out tools and a thesaurus of aquatic toxicology terms.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology

Sample text

Any shipwrecks or intentional disposal of chemicals/garbage from ships (5) causes aquatic pollution, as does release of toxicants from sediments or leakage from earlier dumped chemical containers (6). 1 THE MAJOR SOURCES OF POLLUTANTS 49 be customary to spread fertilizing manure on the snow covering the fields, most of the fertilizing substances ended up in water bodies as they were associated with meltwater. Leaching depends on the distance between the place of application and the water body. To reduce fertilizer runoff to water bodies (rivers, lakes, and sea), so-called “safety zones” between cultivated land and water bodies are used.

In addition to being waste products of the paper- and pulp-mill industry, PCBs were used in lubricants and transformers. Although the compounds are now completely banned, and their amounts in effluents are very small, they are still compounds of concern, as they degrade very slowly and are found in sediments in the vicinity of paper and pulp mills. The toxicity of different PCBs varies markedly; because of this, their toxicity is often given as “dioxin equivalents,” relating their toxicity to the corresponding toxicity of dioxin (TCDD).

Once in the waterways, contaminants can travel long distances in rivers and on ocean currents. Airborne contaminants can be carried in air currents, and enter waterways as a result of rain. Keywords: point source; diffuse source; leaching; runoff; fertilizers; water current; air current; accidental spill; deliberate spill; safety zone; waste dumping. 00004-9 47 © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 48 4. 1 THE MAJOR SOURCES OF POLLUTANTS Contaminants reach aquatic bodies either deliberately or by accident.

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An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology by Mikko Nikinmaa

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