Download PDF by Marc Nerlove: Analysis of Economic Time Series. A Synthesis

By Marc Nerlove

ISBN-10: 0125157509

ISBN-13: 9780125157506

During this version Nerlove and his co-authors illustrate strategies of spectral research and techniques in accordance with parametric types within the research of financial time sequence. The e-book presents a method and a style for incorporating monetary instinct and conception within the formula of time-series types

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Ml i 9v / , ι Σ ξ» 6 () A process is said to be s t a t i o n a r y to the o r d e r ρ if m o m e n t s u p to the p t h o r d e r are i n d e p e n d e n t 26 II. Introduction to the Theory of Stationary Time Series if the limit on the right exists. Similarly the infinite sample autocovariance is (7) for τ = 0, ± 1 , . . when the limit on the right exists. The infinite sample autocorrelation is defined as when C(T) exists for τ = 0, ± 1 , . . and c(0) φ 0. The question of when the limits involved in the definitions of the sample moments above exist is connected with the question of stationarity.

1). iUt c 3. The Wold Decomposition Theorem 33 1 Hence, the innovations of the process {x,} are uncorrelated. Moreover, Eu = 2 σ for all t by stationarity. W e cannot, of course, say they are independent unless { x j was assumed to be a Gaussian or n o r m a l process to start with. O n e way to think of this decomposition is to consider the subspace spanned by the time series {xt} in a Hilbert space (complete, infinite dimensional vector space in which inner product and distance are defined). Here x, is resolved into two c o m p o n e n t s : O n e lies in the subspace spanned by x,_ l 5x f _ 2 , .

Fig. 5e, _ ! ; and Fig. 4 shows that the second-order autoregression with complex roots has a " h u m p e d " shape rather different in appearance from either the first-order autoregression or the first-order moving average. 667 FREQUENCY (FRACTIONS OF P I ) Fig. 1 . Theoretical spectral d e n s i t y : x, = et. 52 III. The Spectral Representation and Its Estimation -1-330 Fig. 2. 5(/)]e,. 833 FREQUENCY (FRACTIONS OF P I ) Fig. 3 . 5(7)e t . 000 53 The Cross-Spectral Distribution Function and Filtering 4.

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Analysis of Economic Time Series. A Synthesis by Marc Nerlove

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